Ricerca e sperimentazione
Progetto di ricerca Era-Net Euro-Mediterraneo REFORMA
REFORMA ("Resilient, water- and energy-efficient forage and feed crops for Mediterranean Agricultural systems") is an Era-Net project funded by MiPAAF for Italy and other national funding bodies for partners from France, Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia. The project aims to develop innovative, efficient crop-livestock systems based on improved pea and lucerne germplasm, in order to alleviate the marked insufficiency of high-protein feedstuff, the overexploitation of forage resources, the increasing costs and/or the decreasing availability of irrigation water and mineral fertilizers, and the increasing drought and heat stress arising from climate change. It will develop stress-tolerant pea and lucerne varieties, cost-efficient genomic selection methods, and innovative legume-based crops on the basis of farmers' acceptability and target utilizations. Several dissemination actions will spread the project results among farmers and other stakeholders. Italy is represented by CREA-Centre for Fodder Crops and Dairy Productions of Lodi (which coordinates the project) and CNR-ISPAAM of Sassari.
Progetto di ricerca dell'Unione Europea LEGATO
LEGATO ("Legumes for the agriculture of tomorrow") is a European FP7 project that aims to promote the culture of grain legumes in Europe by identifying priority issues currently limiting grain legume cultivation and devising solutions in term of novel varietal development, culture practices, and food uses. LEGATO will develop tools and resources to enable state of the art breeding methodology and to exploit fully the breadth of genetic resources available. The project will focus on a small number of key characters not previously explored in depth and complementary to other ongoing European and national projects. These topics include disease and pest resistance, where in addition to marker development for major fungal and viral pathogens, a focus on emerging insect pests is planned. The impact of end-of-season drought and heat stress on the crop and its rhizobial symbiosis will be studied. The potential for improving crop yields and legume nutritional and organoleptic quality by desirable traits and innovative selection methods will be investigated. LEGATO will conceive sustainable legume-based cropping systems adapted to different pedoclimatic zones. The project includes the participation of commercial partners including SMEs in the areas of marker development, plant breeding, and legume food processing, who will benefit from the advances made in these areas. Promising legume varieties and cropping systems will be tested at a series of European sites to favour the widest possible take-up in agriculture, and the partners potentially concerned will participate in a stakeholder forum convened regularly during the project. Italy is represented by CREA-Centre for Fodder Crops and Dairy Productions of Lodi (which leads the "Genetics and new breeding tools" Workpackage) and the University of Naples.
Progetto di ricerca dell'Unione Europea EUROLEGUME
The research within the framework of EUROLEGUME will be directed to improvements in yield parameters, biotic and abiotic stress resistance, nitrogen fixation (in plants and in soil), and nutritional value in sustainable legume (faba beans, peas, cowpea) cultivation systems in Europe by introducing new genotypes from different geographical regions and by exploiting/introducing available genetic resources in active cropping systems, using both molecular technologies and evaluating the influence of legumes on the following crops in rotation and as intercrops in situ.
Progetto di ricerca dell'Unione Europea LEGUVAL
It is a 3 year R&D Project that is being funded by EC´s Seventh Framework Programme under the Research for the benefit SME associations scheme. The LEGUVAL consortium is composed of 12 partners: 3 SME-AGs, 4 research centres and 5 other enterprises and end-users from 4 European Member States. LEGUVAL targets the use and valorisation of co-products and by-products of processed grain legumes by the extraction of the proteinaceous fraction to be used as a raw material in packaging and agricultural material preparation, and the use of the leftover biomass as an additive in composites production, as well as source of biogas by anaerobic digestion.
Progetto di ricerca dell'Unione Europea LEGUME FUTURES
Legume Futures is an international research project financed by the EU Framework Programme 7. The full title of the project is 'Legume-supported cropping systems for Europe '. The aim is to develop the use of legumes in cropping systems to improve the economic and environmental performance of European agriculture. The project has developed new cropping sequences for European agricultural regions and with conducted econo mic assessments of these. It also assessed the environmental impact of relevant farming system changes. This is focused on greenhouse gas emissions, nitrogen budgets, biodiversity and soil function.Legumes play a very special role in crop rotations, livestock feeding, and in our diets. They include important protein-rich crops such as peas and beans, and forage crops such as clover and alfalfa. Legume plants host nitrogen fixing bacteria. Legume crops improve soil fertility. Legumes are therefore very relevant to the challenges and opportunities facing agriculture, particularly reducing greenhouse gas emissions, enhancing farmland biodiversity, and protecting soil and water resources. The research in Legume Futures formally ended on 28 February 2014 and results are now presented as they emerge.